Suiseki Terms

水石
Suiseki
water stone
thủy thạch

台座
Daiza
pedestal/base
đài tọa

山水景石
Sansui keiseki
landscape scenery stone
sơn thủy cảnh thạch

遠山石
Toyama-ishi
distant mountain
viễn sơn thạch

島形石・
Shimagata-ishi
island
đảo hình thạch

岩潟石
Iwagata-ishi
costal rock
nham tích thạch

水溜まり石
Mizutamari-ishi
pool, lake
thủy lưu thạch

滝石 (Japanese 滝 = Chinese 瀧)
Taki-ishi
waterfall
lung thạch

土坡
Doha
plateau/hillside
thổ pha

段石
Dan-ishi
plateau/step stone
đoạn thạch

洞門
Domon
tunnel
đỗng môn

姿石
Sugata-ishi
figure/object
tư thạch

形象石
Keisho-seki
figure/object
hình tượng thạch

茅舎石 (Japanese 舎 = Chinese 舍)
Kuzuya-ishi
thatched hut
mao xá thạch

紋様石 (Japanese 様 = Chinese 樣)
Monyo-ishi
pattern
văn dạng thạch

Source:

http://www.suiseki.jp/great.html

http://www.suiseki-assn.gr.jp/en/record1.html

http://aisekikai.com/resources/July+newsletter+20.pdf

———-

Notes:

Painting Poet on a Mountaintop (杖藜遠眺) by Shen Zhou (沈周 – 1427–1509)

Poem on the painting reads:

白雲如帶束山腰,石磴飛空細路遙。獨倚杖藜舒眺望,欲因鳴澗答吹簫。

White clouds sash-like
wrap mountain waists,
The rock terrace flies in space
distant, a narrow path.
Leaning on a bramble staff
far and free I gaze,
To the warble of valley brook
I will reply, whistling.

(Translation from Indiana University.)

Tranh minh họa Trượng Lê Viễn Thiếu của danh họa thời Minh Thẩm Chu.

Source: http://www.chinaonlinemuseum.com/painting-shen-zhou-poet-on-a-mountaintop.php

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